By Mary Douglas
First released in 1973, Rules and Meanings is an anthology of works that shape a part of Mary Douglas' fight to plot an anthropological modernism conducive to her competition to seemingly modernizing traits in modern society. the gathering comprises works via Wittgenstein, Schutz, Husserl, Hertz and different continentals. The underlying issues of the anthology are the development of that means, the strength of hidden historical past assumptions, tacit conventions and the facility of spatial association to enhance phrases. The paintings serves to enrich the philosophers' paintings on daily language with the anthropologists' concept of daily wisdom.
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Extra resources for Rules and Meanings: The Anthropology of Everyday Knowledge (Penguin modern sociology readings)
In yes situations an age-mate might declare a cow, the yang rica, of the brideweaIth of the daughter of 1 of his associates, and a guy will not be within the place of paying brideweaIth and having the ability to declare it. Nuer indicate additionally that have been a guy to marry the daughter of an age-mate her mom and dad might turn into his parents-in-law and the glory he must convey them will be incompatible with the familiarity with which he may still deal with age-mates and their better halves and the liberties he could take with them. He couldn't, for example, consume and drink of their domestic, an abstention in evident contradiction to the behaviour anticipated of age-mates. The prohibition on marriage with the daughter of an age-mate imposes no inconvenience on Nuer, for there could constantly be a superb distinction in age among the fellow and lady, and this can be, as a minimum, a disadvantage to marriage not often surmounted in Nuerland. Strictly conversing, a breach of this prohibition isn't really rual yet Nuer say that it really is 'like rual'. The prohibition is related to were ordained via God and it really is believed that the parent spirit of the age-set (kwoth ricdien) will avenge a breach of it. lt is expounded that previously a guy should not have been allowed to marry the daughters of his father's age-mates, for they're his sisters. lt remains to be now not permissible for this type of marriage to occur if either the fathers are alive, due to the fact this might suggest that the 2 age-mates may input right into a dating characterised by way of mutual reserve and in clash with the egalitarian prestige of age-mates in the direction of each other. C• •• J The exogamous ideas i've got recorded above might be generalized through asserting, because the Nuer do, guy won't marry a lady who's mar (kin) to forty The Logical foundation of built fact him. In defining exogamy kinship is traced farther in a few instructions than in others and is of alternative forms: the extended family kinship of the mut, the typical spear; the kinship of buth, of collateral lineage and of adoption; uterine kinship; kinship in the course of the genitor; the kinship of cognation, mar within the traditional feel of the be aware; kinship which the delivery of a kid creates among husband and spouse; the kinship said via recognition of bridewealth; and the kinship by way of analogy of the ric, the age-set .... it's not incestuous for a guy to have kinfolk with the daughters of guys of his father's age-set and he wouldn't hesitate to make like to them. In all different circumstances the place it really is forbidden for a guy to marry a lady status in a undeniable courting to him it's also forbidden to him to be intimate along with her, notwithstanding the prohibition has no longer continually a similar strength or extension. sooner than discussing the various levels of seriousness with which Nuer view breaches of a number of the principles, i'm going to point out the opposite relationships which hold the incest taboo in addition to these already recorded which exclude marriage both completely or contingently. [... ] The prohibition of a guy having kinfolk with a kinsman's spouse is a part of a extra basic legislation which forbids, as rual, shut kinsmen to have family with an identical girl, even though, the following back, 'bulls' don't come, altogether or to some degree, less than the ban.