By Daniel Defoe, John Williamson
“I was once born, within the 12 months 1632, within the urban of York, of an outstanding kinfolk, notwithstanding no longer of that kingdom, my father being a foreigner of Bremen, who settled first at Hull.”
Thus begun The existence and remarkable Adventures of Robinson Crusoe (1719) by means of Daniel Defoe.
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Extra info for The Life and Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe: With Illustrations by John Williamson
17. —This day i started to dig at the back of my tent into the rock, to make room for my additional conveniency. —Note. 3 issues i wished tremendously for this paintings, specifically, a pick-axe, a shovel, and a wheel-barrow or basket; so I desisted from my paintings, and commenced to think about how you can provide those wishes, and make a few instruments: as for a pick-axe, I made use of the iron crows, which have been right sufficient, even though heavy; however the subsequent factor used to be a shovel or spade; this used to be so completely priceless, that certainly i'll do not anything successfully with out it, yet what sort of one to make I knew no longer. Nov. 18. —The subsequent day, in looking the woods, i discovered a tree of that wooden, or love it, which within the Brazils they name the iron tree, for its exceeding hardness: of this, with nice labour, and nearly spoiling my awl, I minimize a bit, and taken it domestic too with hassle adequate, for it used to be tremendously heavy. The over the top hardness of the wooden, and having no opposite direction, made me an extended whereas upon this computing device; for I labored it efficaciously via little and little into the shape of a shovel or spade, the deal with precisely formed like ours in England, in basic terms that the extensive half having no iron shod upon it at backside, it should now not final me goodbye; in spite of the fact that, it served good adequate for the makes use of which I had celebration to place it to; yet by no means was once a shovel, i think, made after that model, or goodbye a-making. i used to be nonetheless poor, for i needed a basket or a wheelbarrow: a basket i couldn't make in any way, having no things like twigs, that may bend to make wicker-ware, no less than no longer but discovered: and as to a wheelbarrow, I fancied i'll make all however the wheel, yet that I had no idea of, neither did i understand how to head approximately it: along with, I had no real way to make the iron gudgeons for the spindle, or axis, of the wheel, to run in, so I gave it over; and so, for sporting away the earth which I dug out of the cave, I made me a specific thing like a hod, which the labourers hold mortar in once they serve the bricklayers. This used to be now not so tough to me because the making the shovel; and but this, and the shovel, and the test which I made in useless to make a wheelbarrow, took me up a minimum of 4 days—I suggest continually excepting my morning stroll with my gun, which I seldom failed: and infrequently failed additionally bringing domestic whatever to devour. Nov. 23. —My different paintings having now stood nonetheless, as a result of my making those instruments, after they have been accomplished I went on, and dealing on a daily basis, as my energy and time allowed, I spent eighteen days totally in widening and deepening my cave, that it could possibly carry my items commodiously. word. in the course of all this time I labored to make this room, or cave, spacious sufficient to house me as a warehouse, or journal, a kitchen, a dining-room, and a cellar: as for my accommodation, I stored to the tent, other than that typically, within the rainy season of the yr, it rained so demanding that i couldn't preserve myself dry, which prompted me afterwards to hide all my position inside of my light with lengthy poles within the kind of rafters, leaning opposed to the rock, and cargo them with flags and big leaves of timber like a thatch.